A car's lifeblood is its battery, which is needed to start the engine, turn on the lights, and power other electronic parts. Since the first batteries were made, battery technology has come a long way. Today, there are five main types of car batteries. types of car batteries
(1) Wet or Flooded Battery
This is the most common kind of car battery on the market right now. The main reason they are so popular is that they are a good deal. This kind of battery is made up of plates that float in a mixture of sulfuric acid and water. They don't need to be taken care of because they are completely sealed and the fluid in them usually lasts as long as the battery does.
(2) Calcium-Calcium Battery
On the different charged plates of this type of battery, calcium alloy is used. Calcium helps to keep fluid from leaking out, so the rate of discharge is much slower than with a lead-acid battery. The biggest problem with the battery is that if it is overcharged, it can be seriously damaged.
(3) VRLA (valve regulated lead acid battery)
This kind of battery is similar to a lead-acid battery, but it has an extra safety valve built into the case. The pressure on the valves helps keep fluid from leaking out of the battery. There are two kinds of VRLA: AGM and GEL. Silicon is used to turn the electrolyte in the gel battery into a gel-like substance. The acid is absorbed by a glass mat in the AGM battery. The thin matt helps keep the internal resistance low, which makes it easier to start the engine than GEL.
(4) Deep Cycle Battery
Deep cycle batteries are made to keep giving off power for a long time. Most boats, golf carts, and places that store solar energy have these kinds of batteries. They have thicker plates, which help to make the battery more capacitive. They aren't usually used to start the car because they need to be discharged quickly. However, they could be used on a vehicle with two batteries, one for starting the car and one for running electrical accessories.
(5) Lithium Ion Battery
Lithium-ion batteries are usually found in cell phones and cameras, but some high-performance car companies, like Porsche, have started to offer them. The best thing about it is that it is much smaller and lighter. Lithium-ion batteries are also used in a lot of high-performance motorcycles because they are lighter and last longer. Yes, they are more expensive than regular batteries, but they last a lot longer.